Tropical Diseases at Bushnell

Malaria-carrying mosquito
Malaria is caused by a parasite which is spread by the bite of mosquitoes. The outbreak of malaria in Brigham City, UT, around Bushnell Hospital led to efforts to quarantine soldiers with tropical diseases and eradicate local mosquitoes.  

Many patients at Bushnell came from battlefields in the Pacific where they had been exposed to malaria and other tropical diseases, and some brought these diseases with them to Utah. In 1943, malaria spread from Bushnell to Brigham City. The local epidemic prompted mosquito eradication programs in the area to keep it free from the tropical diseases being imported from the Pacific Theater.

Sources for this Page

“Bushnell Hospital Pushes Study of Malarial Fever,” Salt Lake Telegram, December 29, 1943, available at https://digitalnewspapers.org/.
Joel Campbell, “Brigham Hospital Helped War Effort,” Deseret News, February 10, 1992, https://www.deseretnews.com/article/209167/BRIGHAM-HOSPITAL-HELPED-WAR-EFFORT.html.
“Mosquitoes Sought to Prevent Spread of Malaria around Bushnell,” Salt Lake Telegram, June 28, 1943, available at https://digitalnewspapers.org.
Gordon Patterson, The Mosquito Crusades: A History of the American Anti-Mosquito Movement from the Reed Commission to the First Earth Day (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2009).